In Uganda, terror is a serious threat. Two explosions took place in Kampala’s central business district on 16 November 2021. There were many injuries and deaths as a result. We recommend that you avoid any non-essential travel to Kampala.

Violent protests against the government can quickly occur, and there is still the possibility of tension or politically motivated incidents in Uganda after January 2021’s elections.

Due to the risk of terrorist attacks, Uganda has strengthened security measures in public places. Travelers should expect body, luggage, and car checks. Follow official advice and take warnings very seriously.

Gorilla trekking is a dangerous activity that can lead to armed attack. You should not go on gorilla trekking tours that cross into the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Both petty crime and violent crimes can occur. Always remain alert. Avoid walking in dark areas at night or in isolated areas.

The security situation in neighboring DRC is unstable and volatile. You could be kidnapped or even involved in violence. Seek professional security advice if you are traveling near the border.


COVID-19 is still a concern in Uganda.

In Uganda, many medications are not readily available or in short supply. Make sure you have enough legal medicine to last your trip.

In June 2019, the first Ebola cases were reported in Western Uganda. Good hygiene is key to protecting yourself from the disease. Ebola has been confirmed in the eastern DRC, bordering Uganda.

Malaria and yellow fever are both common. Other insect-borne illnesses can also occur. You should make sure that your accommodation is pest-proof. Use insect repellent.

HIV/AIDS is a serious risk. Reduce your exposure to HIV/AIDS by taking steps.

Outside Kampala, there are not many medical facilities. You will be evacuated to Kenya if you are seriously ill or injures. This is something you should make sure your insurance covers.

Local laws

For possession, trafficking or use of illegal drugs, there are severe penalties. You could face heavy fines and a lengthy jail sentence if you are convicted.

For serious crimes, the death penalty and corporal punishment can be applied.

It is illegal to have same-sex, take photos of buildings or areas, and wear camouflage or military clothing.


You must show proof of a negative COVID-19 or PCR test when entering or leaving Uganda. This must be done within 72 hours from the time of arrival or departure.

All travelers, including children, are required to undergo a PCR test upon arrival. This is at their expense and costs USD30 at Entebbe. Register your details online for Uganda before you arrive.

Everyone six years old and older must wear an approved face mask when they go out in public. You will be isolated from the public if you have COVID-19 symptoms. Follow the advice of local officials and monitor the Ugandan Ministry of Health for the latest developments.

To enter or leave Uganda, you may require a valid yellow fever vaccination certificate.

Accessing money may be difficult. It is not common to accept traveler’s checks, credit cards or debit cards.

Drinking Water

Uganda has both open water and swampland. However, it is not drinkable. Poor management and high demand have led to a shortage of clean groundwater. Facilities are under strain in cities and towns, and many wells and springs are used up by rural communities.

According to our sources at Grade A Plumbing, a leading plumbing company in PA, water from water treatment plants in large cities such as Kampala is safe to drink. You can visit them at The problem is that water can get contaminated along the route to the tap from leakages, storage tanks, and pipes. It is crucial to remove all pathogens from tap water.

Contacts in the local area

The Consular Services Charter outlines what the Australian Government can do and cannot do to assist you overseas.

The Australian Consulate in Kampala is able to provide limited consular assistance.

The Australian High Commission in Kenya can provide full consular assistance.

Be aware that consular services might be restricted in some areas if you travel during this period.


Uganda has improved security measures in public places.

This applies to borders as well as international airports.

Avoid non-essential travel to Kampala. Terrorist attacks in recent times have caused many deaths and injuries, including:

  • 16 November 2021, when two explosions occurred in the central business district near Parliament.
  • 25 October 2021, when an explosion took place on a bus traveling on the Kampala–Masaka highway.
  • 23 October 2021, when an explosion took place in a Kampala restaurant.

Traveling to Kampala, particularly, requires body, car, and luggage inspections.

Terrorist attacks could be directed at:

  • Tourist areas, hotels, resorts, restaurants, bars and clubs, as well as markets, shopping centres, marketplaces and other venues.
  • Schools, places of worship and outdoor events.
  • Airports, bus terminals and public transport, as well as government buildings, are all available.

Protect yourself against terrorist attacks

  • Consider the security of the venues you are visiting
  • Be alert in crowds and keep an eye on local media
  • Pay attention to your personal safety
  • Follow instructions and take warnings seriously

Police should be notified of any suspicious activities or items.

If you are safe, evacuate the area affected by a terrorist attack.